Minds, Machines and Searle

Harnad, Stevan (1989). « Minds, Machines and Searle ». Journal of Theoretical and Experimental Artificial Intelligence, 1, pp. 5-25.

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Résumé

Searle's celebrated Chinese Room Argument has shaken the foundations of Artificial Intelligence. Many refutations have been attempted, but none seem convincing. This paper is an attempt to sort out explicitly the assumptions and the logical, methodological and empirical points of disagreement. Searle is shown to have underestimated some features of computer modeling, but the heart of the issue turns out to be an empirical question about the scope and limits of the purely symbolic (computational) model of the mind. Nonsymbolic modeling turns out to be immune to the Chinese Room Argument. The issues discussed include the Total Turing Test, modularity, neural modeling, robotics, causality and the symbol-grounding problem.

Type: Article de revue scientifique
Mots-clés ou Sujets: computation, robotique, symboles, ancrage, langage, Searle, Turing, conscience, cognition, neuroscience, réseaux neuronaux
Unité d'appartenance: Faculté des sciences humaines > Département de psychologie
Instituts > Institut des sciences cognitives (ISC)
Déposé par: Stevan Harnad
Date de dépôt: 24 sept. 2007
Dernière modification: 20 avr. 2009 14:27
Adresse URL : http://www.archipel.uqam.ca/id/eprint/126

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