Analysis of deciduous tree species dynamics after a severe ice storm using SORTIE model simulations

Tremblay, M.; Messier, C. et Marceau, D.J. (2005). « Analysis of deciduous tree species dynamics after a severe ice storm using SORTIE model simulations ». Ecological modelling, 187, pp. 297-313.

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Résumé

Ice storms are frequent natural disturbance events in hardwood forests of eastern Canada and the United States, but their effects on forest dynamics are not well understood. Our objectives were to characterize short- and long-term tree species dynamics after a severe ice storm, and to assess the influence of spatial distribution of trees on these dynamics. SORTIE, a spatially explicit individual tree-based forest model, was used to simulate the effects of a severe ice storm on 300 years old stands. Crown radius was reduced and tree mortality was increased for a 5-year period following the ice storm disturbance. To investigate the influence of the spatial distribution of trees, we repeated the same experiment in a uniformly distributed stand where we systematically assigned coordinates of all trees, saplings and seedlings before the ice storm was modeled. Our results showed that six types of dynamics can be adopted by a species following an ice storm and that spatial distribution of trees influenced the species responses. In summary, we found that a combination of factors, namely, species density and spatial distribution, shade tolerance, growth rate, extent of canopy openness and canopy loss resulting from the ice storm, determine how tree species respond to ice storm disturbance.

Type: Article de revue scientifique
Mots-clés ou Sujets: ice storm, forest modelling, SORTIE, tree species dynamics, natural disturbances
Unité d'appartenance: Faculté des sciences > Département des sciences biologiques
Déposé par: Christian Messier
Date de dépôt: 02 déc. 2008
Dernière modification: 01 nov. 2014 02:07
Adresse URL : http://www.archipel.uqam.ca/id/eprint/1425

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