Consequences of various landscape-scale ecosystem management strategies and fire cycles on age-class structure and harvest in boreal forests

Fall, Andrew; Fortin, Marie-Josée; Kneeshaw, Daniel D.; Yamasaki, Stephen H.; Messier, Christian; Bouthilier, Luc et Smyth, Cheryl (2004). « Consequences of various landscape-scale ecosystem management strategies and fire cycles on age-class structure and harvest in boreal forests ». Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 34, pp. 310-322.

Fichier(s) associé(s) à ce document :
[img]
Prévisualisation
PDF
Télécharger (1MB)

Résumé

At the landscape scale, one of the key indicators of sustainable forest management is the age-class distribution of stands, since it provides a coarse synopsis of habitat potential, structural complexity, and stand volume, and it is directly modified by timber extraction and wildfire. To explore the consequences of several landscape-scale boreal forest management strategies on age-class structure in the Mauricie region of Quebec, we used spatially explicit simulation modelling. Our study investigated three different harvesting strategies (the one currently practiced and two different strategies to maintain late seral stands) and interactions between fire and harvesting on stand age-class distribution. We found that the legacy of initial forested age structure and its spatial configuration can pose short- (<50 years) to medium-term (150-300 years) challenges to balancing wood supply and ecological objectives. Also, ongoing disturbance by fire, even at relatively long cycles in relation to historic levels, can further constrain the achievement of both timber and biodiversity goals. For example, when fire was combined with management, harvest shortfalls occurred in all scenarios with a fire cycle of 100 years and most scenarios with a fire cycle of 150 years. Even a fire cycle of 500 years led to a reduction in older forest when its maintenance was not a primary constraint. Our results highlight the need to consider the broad-scale effects of natural disturbance when developing ecosystem management policies and the importance of prioritizing objectives when planning for multiple resource use.

Type: Article de revue scientifique
Mots-clés ou Sujets: landscape-scale ecosystem management, fire cycles, age-class structure, boreal forests
Unité d'appartenance: Faculté des sciences > Département des sciences biologiques
Déposé par: Christian Messier
Date de dépôt: 02 déc. 2008
Dernière modification: 01 nov. 2014 02:07
Adresse URL : http://www.archipel.uqam.ca/id/eprint/1438

Statistiques

Voir les statistiques sur cinq ans...