The effect of light availability and basal area on cone production in Abies balsamea and Picea glauca

Greene, D.F.; Messier, C.; Asselin, H. et Fortin, M-J (2002). « The effect of light availability and basal area on cone production in Abies balsamea and Picea glauca ». Canadian Journal of Botany, 80, pp. 370-377.

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Résumé

Mean annual seed production is assumed to be proportional to basal area for canopy trees, but it is not known if subcanopy trees produce fewer seeds than expected (given their size) because of low light availability. Ovulate cone production was examined for balsam fir (Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.) and white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss) in 1998 and for balsam fir in 2000 in western Quebec using subcanopy stems, near or far from forest edges, or (at one site) planted white spruce trees in fully open conditions. A very simple light model for transmission through mature trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) crowns and through boles near forest edges was developed to account for the effect of light receipt on cone production. The enhanced light near forest edges (e.g., recent clearcuts) leads to about a doubling of cone production for subcanopy stems. The minimum subcanopy height for cone production far from an edge is about 10 m for balsam fir and 14 m for white spruce, with these minima decreasing near edges. By contrast, the minimum height for white spruce in a plantation (full light) is about 3 m. Accounting for light receipt leads to an increase in the explained variance.

Type: Article de revue scientifique
Mots-clés ou Sujets: balsam fir, cone production, light model, regressions, subcanopy stems, white spruce
Unité d'appartenance: Faculté des sciences > Département des sciences biologiques
Déposé par: Christian Messier
Date de dépôt: 06 janv. 2009
Dernière modification: 01 nov. 2014 02:07
Adresse URL : http://www.archipel.uqam.ca/id/eprint/1569

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