The Origin of Words: A Psychophysical Hypothesis

Harnad, Stevan (1996). « The Origin of Words: A Psychophysical Hypothesis », dans Communicating Meaning: Evolution and Development of Language, sous la dir. de Velichkovsky, B. et Rumbaugh, D.. New Jersey, Erlbaum, pp. 27-44.

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Résumé

It is hypothesized that words originated as the names of perceptual categories and that two forms of representation underlying perceptual categorization -- iconic and categorical representations -- served to ground a third, symbolic, form of representation. The third form of representation made it possible to name and describe our environment, chiefly in terms of categories, their memberships, and their invariant features. Symbolic representations can be shared because they are intertranslatable. Both categorization and translation are approximate rather than exact, but the approximation can be made as close as we wish. This is the central property of that universal mechanism for sharing descriptions that we call natural language.

Type: Chapitre de livre
Mots-clés ou Sujets: catégorisation, computation, apprentissage, langage, ancrage symbolique, évolution, intelligence artificielle, cognition, réseaux neuronaux, perception categorielle, Searle, Turing, sciences cognitives
Unité d'appartenance: Faculté des sciences humaines > Département de psychologie
Instituts > Institut des sciences cognitives (ISC)
Déposé par: Stevan Harnad
Date de dépôt: 24 sept. 2007
Dernière modification: 20 avr. 2009 14:27
Adresse URL : http://www.archipel.uqam.ca/id/eprint/173

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