The tense, mood and aspect system of Haitian Creole and the problem of transmission of grammar in creole genesis

Lefebvre, Claire (1996). « The tense, mood and aspect system of Haitian Creole and the problem of transmission of grammar in creole genesis ». Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages, 11(2), pp. 231-313.

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Résumé

On the basis of data drawn from the tense, mood, and aspect (TMA) system of Haitian Creole, as compared with those of its source languages (French, the superstratum language, and Fongbe, one of the substratum languages), this paper argues that creolization does not involve a break in transmission grammar. The properties of Haitian creole TMA system are shown to reflect in a systematic way those of its contributing languages: while the syntactic and the semantic properties of the TMA markers of the creole parallel those of Fongbe, one of the substratum languages of Haitian, the phonological forms of these markers appear to be derived from phonetic strings found in its superstratum language. This systematic division of properties is predicted by the hypothesis that relexification has played a major role in the formation of this creole. The fact that the lexical entries of the creole have phonological representations that are derived from phonetic strings found in the superstratum language is the visible signal that creolisation involves the creation of a new language. The fact that the lexical entries of the creole show semantic and syntactic properties that parallel those of the languages of the substratum argues that there has been no break in the transmission of grammar in the formation of the creole.

Type: Article de revue scientifique
Mots-clés ou Sujets: tense, mood, aspect, Haitian Creole, French, Fongbe
Unité d'appartenance: Instituts > Institut des sciences cognitives (ISC)
Déposé par: Claire Lefebvre
Date de dépôt: 27 mars 2007
Dernière modification: 01 nov. 2014 02:03
Adresse URL : http://www.archipel.uqam.ca/id/eprint/264

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