Effect of disciplinary content of a simulation on open-ended problem-solving strategies

Couture, Marc (2012). « Effect of disciplinary content of a simulation on open-ended problem-solving strategies », dans Computer based learning in science – Conference Proceedings 2012. Learning science in the society of computers. (Congrès CBLIS 2012, Barcelone, Espagne, 26-29 juin 2012), sous la dir. de Pinto, Roser; Lopez, Victor et Simarro, Cristina. Barcelone, Espagne, Centre for Research in Science and Mathematics Education (CRECIM), pp. 294-303.

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Résumé

There is a long-standing debate about so-called generic vs. domain- or context-specific problem-solving skills and strategies. To investigate this issue, we developed a pair of structurally and functionally similar computer simulations and used them in an experimental study with undergraduate students from all fields of study. One, described to users as a teaching tool based on current entomology research, featured three species of ants whose tasks could change as a result of encounters with each other. The other, which we call a non-disciplinary simulation, featured three types of abstract moving shapes whose color could change after a collision. Users received no information about the latter, not even that it was a simulation. Both simulations, which students used in succession, allowed users to change the number and types of objects, and to move them freely on the screen. We told students that the problem was to describe and explain what occurred on the screen, and asked them to explain, while they were working with the simulation, what they observed, what they did and why. We conducted a first, quantitative analysis of various “surface

Type: Communication, article de congrès ou colloque
Mots-clés ou Sujets: Problem solving, simulations, strategies
Unité d'appartenance: Centres institutionnels > Centre de recherche en informatique cognitive et environnements de formation)
Télé-université > UER Science et Technologie
Déposé par: Marc Couture
Date de dépôt: 11 juill. 2012 12:32
Dernière modification: 01 nov. 2014 02:22
Adresse URL : http://www.archipel.uqam.ca/id/eprint/4722

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