Biomechanical analyses of the performance of Paralympians: From foundation to elite level

Curran, Sarah et Frossard, Laurent (2012). « Biomechanical analyses of the performance of Paralympians: From foundation to elite level ». Prosthetics and Orthotics International, 36(3), pp. 380-395.

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Résumé

Biomechanical analysis of sport performance provides an objective method of determining performance of a particular sporting technique. In particular, it aims to add to the understanding of the mechanisms influencing performance, characterization of athletes, and provide insights into injury predisposition. Whilst the performance in sport of able-bodied athletes is well recognised in the literature, less information and understanding is known on the complexity, constraints and demands placed on the body of an individual with a disability. This paper provides a dialogue that outlines scientific issues of performance analysis of multi-level athletes with a disability, including Paralympians. Four integrated themes are explored the first of which focuses on how biomechanics can contribute to the understanding of sport performance in athletes with a disability and how it may be used as an evidence-based tool. This latter point questions the potential for a possible cultural shift led by emergence of user-friendly instruments. The second theme briefly discusses the role of reliability of sport performance and addresses the debate of two-dimensional and three-dimensional analysis. The third theme address key biomechanical parameters and provides guidance to clinicians, and coaches on the approaches adopted using biomechanical/sport performance analysis for an athlete with a disability starting out, to the emerging and elite Paralympian. For completeness of this discourse, the final theme is based on the controversial issues on the role of assisted devices and the inclusion of Paralympians into able-bodied sport is also presented. All combined, this dialogue highlights the intricate relationship between biomechanics and training of individuals with a disability. Furthermore, it illustrates the complexity of modern training of athletes which can only lead to a better appreciation of the performances to be delivered in the London 2012 Paralympic Games.

Type: Article de revue scientifique
Mots-clés ou Sujets: reliability, classification system, sport performance, biomechanics, Paralympian
Unité d'appartenance: Faculté des sciences > Département de kinanthropologie
Déposé par: Laurent Frossard
Date de dépôt: 23 août 2012 12:58
Dernière modification: 01 nov. 2014 02:22
Adresse URL : http://www.archipel.uqam.ca/id/eprint/4814

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