Operant conditioning: a minimal components requirement in artificial spiking neurons designed for bio-inspired robot's controller

Cyr, André; Boukadoum, Mounir et Thériault, Frédéric (2014). « Operant conditioning: a minimal components requirement in artificial spiking neurons designed for bio-inspired robot's controller ». Frontiers in Neurorobotics, 8.

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Résumé

In this paper, we investigate the operant conditioning (OC) learning process within a bio-inspired paradigm, using artificial spiking neural networks (ASNN) to act as robot brain controllers. In biological agents, OC results in behavioral changes learned from the consequences of previous actions, based on progressive prediction adjustment from rewarding or punishing signals. In a neurorobotics context, virtual and physical autonomous robots may benefit from a similar learning skill when facing unknown and unsupervised environments. In this work, we demonstrate that a simple invariant micro-circuit can sustain OC in multiple learning scenarios. The motivation for this new OC implementation model stems from the relatively complex alternatives that have been described in the computational literature and recent advances in neurobiology. Our elementary kernel includes only a few crucial neurons, synaptic links and originally from the integration of habituation and spike-timing dependent plasticity as learning rules. Using several tasks of incremental complexity, our results show that a minimal neural component set is sufficient to realize many OC procedures. Hence, with the proposed OC module, designing learning tasks with an ASNN and a bio-inspired robot context leads to simpler neural architectures for achieving complex behaviors.

Type: Article de revue scientifique
Mots-clés ou Sujets: operant conditioning, robot, learning, spiking neurons, adaptive behavior, bio-inspired agents
Unité d'appartenance: Faculté des sciences > Département d'informatique
Déposé par: A. Mounir Boukadoum
Date de dépôt: 14 avr. 2016 13:08
Dernière modification: 27 avr. 2016 18:09
Adresse URL : http://www.archipel.uqam.ca/id/eprint/8138

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