Modeling sea-salt aerosols in the atmosphere: 1. Model development

Gong, S. L.; Barrie, L. A. et Blanchet, J.-P. (1997). « Modeling sea-salt aerosols in the atmosphere: 1. Model development ». Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 102(D3), pp. 3805-3818.

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Résumé

A simulation of the processes of sea-salt aerosol generation, diffusive transport, transformation, and removal as a function of particle size is incorporated into a one-dimensional version of the Canadian general climate model (GCMII). This model was then run in the North Atlantic between Iceland and Ireland during the period of January-March. Model predictions are compared to observations of sea-salt aerosols selected from a review of available studies that were subjected to strict screening criteria to ensure their representativeness. The number and mass size distribution and the wind dependency of total sea-salt aerosol mass concentrations predicted by the model compare well with observations. The modeled dependence of sea-salt aerosol concentration in the surface layer (χ, μg m−3) on 10-m wind speed (U10, m s−1) is given byequation image. Simulations show that both a and b change with location. The value a and b range from 0.20 and 3.1 for Mace Head, Ireland to 0.26, and 1.4 for Heimaey, Iceland. The dependence of χ on surface wind speed is weaker for smaller particles and for particles at higher altitudes. The residence time of sea-salt aerosols in the first atmospheric layer (0–166 m) ranges from 30 min for large particles (r=4–8 μm) to ∼60 hours for small particles (r=0.13–0.25 μm). Although some refinements are required for the model, it forms the basis for comparing the simulations with long-term atmospheric sea-salt measurements made at marine baseline observatories around the world and for a more comprehensive three-dimensional modeling of atmospheric sea-salt aerosols.

Type: Article de revue scientifique
Mots-clés ou Sujets: Aerosol, atmospheric model, model development, salt particles, sea salt
Unité d'appartenance: Faculté des sciences > Département des sciences de la Terre et de l'atmosphère
Déposé par: Jean-Pierre Blanchet
Date de dépôt: 22 avr. 2016 14:53
Dernière modification: 25 avr. 2016 15:46
Adresse URL : http://www.archipel.uqam.ca/id/eprint/8247

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